Kewarganegaraan Bayi yang Lahir di Finlandia


Is the child born of foreign parents in Finland granted Finnish citizenship?

If the child is not granted the citizenship of another state, and does not have the secondary right to acquire the citizenship of another state on the basis of its birth, for example, through the confirmation of paternity or through declaration procedure, the child is granted Finnish citizenship.

The child is also granted Finnish citizenship on the basis of place of birth, if the parents have refugee status or they are receiving protection against the authorities of the state of which they are citizens, and if the child would not be able to acquire the citizenship of either of its parents without the assistance of the authorities of that state.

If the child’s father is a citizen of Finland when the child is born, and he is married to thechild’s mother, the child will automatically be a citizen of Finland. If the child’s father hasdied before the birth of the child but he was a citizen of Finland and he was married to the child’s mother, the child will be a citizen of Finland.

If the child’s father is a citizen of Finland but the child is born out of wedlock, the child’s nationality depends on whether he or she was born in Finland or abroad.
When the mother is a citizen of Finland, the child will automatically be a citizen of Finland regardless of the country of birth. The only requirement is that the mother has not lost her Finnish citizenship before the child is born.

An adopted child under the age of 12 will automatically obtain Finnish citizenship if at least one of the adoptive parents is a citizen of Finland and the adoption is valid in Finland. The Register Office will automatically enter the citizenship in the population information system. An adoptive child of 12–17 years of age will obtain Finnish citizenship by declaration.

The above only applies to children who have been adopted on or after 1 June 2003

Finns acquiring citizenship in another state will not lose their Finnish citizenship. Similarly, foreigners do not need to give up their existing citizenship in order to acquire Finnish citizenship. Finland has accepted multiple nationality (dual nationality) since 1 June 2003.

If you are a citizen of another state and you have not had sufficient connection with Finland, you will lose your Finnish citizenship automatically at the age of 22. The Finnish Immigration Service notifies you of the threat of losing your citizenship.

Sufficient connection

Sufficient connection with Finland ensures that you will not lose your Finnish citizenship. Your connection with Finland is sufficient if
  • you were born in Finland and your place of domicile is in Finland when you reach the age of 22, or
  • you have lived in Finland or another Nordic country (Denmark, Iceland, Norway, or Sweden) for at least seven years before you reach the age of 22, or
  • you have at the age of 18–21
  • applied for or been granted a Finnish passport, or
  • completed or are currently carrying out military or civil service in Finland , or
  • been granted Finnish citizenship through application or declaration, or
  • notified a Finnish embassy abroad or a Local Register Office in Finland that you wish to retain your citizenship. Notifying an honorary consulate or the Finnish Immigration Service is not accepted. The notification should be made in writing, but may be written informally.
Make sure that your personal data is always up to date, so that the state can send you any notice you need anytime.
You can update it via this Website: